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sábado, 24 de septiembre de 2016

LCD Arduino I2C

autoscroll() method


La Biblioteca de cristal líquido le permite controlar las pantallas LCD que son compatibles con el controlador Hitachi HD44780. Hay muchos de ellos por ahí, y por lo general se les puede decir por la interfaz de 16 pines.

Este bosquejo ejemplo muestra cómo utilizar el desplazamiento automático () y métodos noAutoscroll () para mover todo el texto en la pantalla hacia la izquierda o la derecha.

desplazamiento automático () se mueve todo el espacio de texto uno a la izquierda cada vez que se añade una letra

noAutoscroll () convierte el desplazamiento fuera

Este bosquejo imprime los caracteres 0 a 9 con desplazamiento automático, luego mueve el cursor a la parte inferior derecha, se convierte en el desplazamiento automático, y les imprime de nuevo.

hardware necesario

Arduino o Genuino
Pantalla LCD (compatible con el controlador Hitachi HD44780)
conectores macho para soldar a los pines de visualización LCD
potenciómetro de 10k ohm
220 ohmios resistencia
alambras interconexion
tablero de circuitos
Circuito

Antes del cableado de la pantalla LCD a la placa Arduino o Genuino sugerimos que soldar una tira de pines a la 14 (o 16) conector cantidad de pines de la pantalla LCD, como se puede ver en la imagen anterior.
Para conectar la pantalla LCD para su tablero, conecte los siguientes pines:

LCD RS pin a pin digital de 12
Habilitar LCD pines a 11 pines digitales
LCD D4 pin a pin digital de 5
LCD D5 pin a pin digital de 4
LCD D6 pin a pin digital de 3
D7 LCD pin a pin digital de 2
Además, el alambre una olla de 10k a + 5V y GND, con sus limpiaparabrisas (salida) a las pantallas LCD pasador VO (pin 3). A 220 ohmios resistencia se utiliza para alimentar la luz de fondo de la pantalla, por lo general en el pin 15 y 16 del conector LCD




Schematic



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Code

/*
  LiquidCrystal Library - Autoscroll

 Demonstrates the use a 16x2 LCD display.  The LiquidCrystal
 library works with all LCD displays that are compatible with the
 Hitachi HD44780 driver. There are many of them out there, and you
 can usually tell them by the 16-pin interface.

 This sketch demonstrates the use of the autoscroll()
 and noAutoscroll() functions to make new text scroll or not.

 The circuit:
 * LCD RS pin to digital pin 12
 * LCD Enable pin to digital pin 11
 * LCD D4 pin to digital pin 5
 * LCD D5 pin to digital pin 4
 * LCD D6 pin to digital pin 3
 * LCD D7 pin to digital pin 2
 * LCD R/W pin to ground
 * 10K resistor:
 * ends to +5V and ground
 * wiper to LCD VO pin (pin 3)

 Library originally added 18 Apr 2008
 by David A. Mellis
 library modified 5 Jul 2009
 by Limor Fried (http://www.ladyada.net)
 example added 9 Jul 2009
 by Tom Igoe
 modified 22 Nov 2010
 by Tom Igoe

 This example code is in the public domain.

 http://www.arduino.cc/en/Tutorial/LiquidCrystalAutoscroll

 */


// include the library code:
#include <LiquidCrystal.h>

// initialize the library with the numbers of the interface pins
LiquidCrystal lcd(12, 11, 5, 4, 3, 2);

void setup() {
  // set up the LCD's number of columns and rows:
  lcd.begin(16, 2);
}

void loop() {
  // set the cursor to (0,0):
  lcd.setCursor(0, 0);
  // print from 0 to 9:
  for (int thisChar = 0; thisChar < 10; thisChar++) {
    lcd.print(thisChar);
    delay(500);
  }

  // set the cursor to (16,1):
  lcd.setCursor(16, 1);
  // set the display to automatically scroll:
  lcd.autoscroll();
  // print from 0 to 9:
  for (int thisChar = 0; thisChar < 10; thisChar++) {
    lcd.print(thisChar);
    delay(500);
  }
  // turn off automatic scrolling
  lcd.noAutoscroll();

  // clear screen for the next loop:
  lcd.clear();
}

blink() and noBlink() methods

Code

/*
  LiquidCrystal Library - Blink

 Demonstrates the use a 16x2 LCD display.  The LiquidCrystal
 library works with all LCD displays that are compatible with the
 Hitachi HD44780 driver. There are many of them out there, and you
 can usually tell them by the 16-pin interface.

 This sketch prints "Hello World!" to the LCD and makes the
 cursor block blink.

 The circuit:
 * LCD RS pin to digital pin 12
 * LCD Enable pin to digital pin 11
 * LCD D4 pin to digital pin 5
 * LCD D5 pin to digital pin 4
 * LCD D6 pin to digital pin 3
 * LCD D7 pin to digital pin 2
 * LCD R/W pin to ground
 * 10K resistor:
   * ends to +5V and ground
   * wiper to LCD VO pin (pin 3)

 Library originally added 18 Apr 2008
 by David A. Mellis
 library modified 5 Jul 2009
 by Limor Fried (http://www.ladyada.net)
 example added 9 Jul 2009
 by Tom Igoe
 modified 22 Nov 2010
 by Tom Igoe

 This example code is in the public domain.

 http://www.arduino.cc/en/Tutorial/LiquidCrystalBlink

 */


// include the library code:
#include <LiquidCrystal.h>

// initialize the library with the numbers of the interface pins
LiquidCrystal lcd(12, 11, 5, 4, 3, 2);

void setup() {
  // set up the LCD's number of columns and rows:
  lcd.begin(16, 2);
  // Print a message to the LCD.
  lcd.print("hello, world!");
}

void loop() {
  // Turn off the blinking cursor:
  lcd.noBlink();
  delay(3000);
  // Turn on the blinking cursor:
  lcd.blink();
  delay(3000);
}

cursor() and noCursor() methods

Code

/*
  LiquidCrystal Library - Cursor

 Demonstrates the use a 16x2 LCD display.  The LiquidCrystal
 library works with all LCD displays that are compatible with the
 Hitachi HD44780 driver. There are many of them out there, and you
 can usually tell them by the 16-pin interface.

 This sketch prints "Hello World!" to the LCD and
 uses the cursor()  and noCursor() methods to turn
 on and off the cursor.

 The circuit:
 * LCD RS pin to digital pin 12
 * LCD Enable pin to digital pin 11
 * LCD D4 pin to digital pin 5
 * LCD D5 pin to digital pin 4
 * LCD D6 pin to digital pin 3
 * LCD D7 pin to digital pin 2
 * LCD R/W pin to ground
 * 10K resistor:
 * ends to +5V and ground
 * wiper to LCD VO pin (pin 3)

 Library originally added 18 Apr 2008
 by David A. Mellis
 library modified 5 Jul 2009
 by Limor Fried (http://www.ladyada.net)
 example added 9 Jul 2009
 by Tom Igoe
 modified 22 Nov 2010
 by Tom Igoe

 This example code is in the public domain.

 http://www.arduino.cc/en/Tutorial/LiquidCrystalCursor

 */


// include the library code:
#include <LiquidCrystal.h>

// initialize the library with the numbers of the interface pins
LiquidCrystal lcd(12, 11, 5, 4, 3, 2);

void setup() {
  // set up the LCD's number of columns and rows:
  lcd.begin(16, 2);
  // Print a message to the LCD.
  lcd.print("hello, world!");
}

void loop() {
  // Turn off the cursor:
  lcd.noCursor();
  delay(500);
  // Turn on the cursor:
  lcd.cursor();
  delay(500);
}

display() and noDisplay() methods

Code

/*
  LiquidCrystal Library - display() and noDisplay()

 Demonstrates the use a 16x2 LCD display.  The LiquidCrystal
 library works with all LCD displays that are compatible with the
 Hitachi HD44780 driver. There are many of them out there, and you
 can usually tell them by the 16-pin interface.

 This sketch prints "Hello World!" to the LCD and uses the
 display() and noDisplay() functions to turn on and off
 the display.

 The circuit:
 * LCD RS pin to digital pin 12
 * LCD Enable pin to digital pin 11
 * LCD D4 pin to digital pin 5
 * LCD D5 pin to digital pin 4
 * LCD D6 pin to digital pin 3
 * LCD D7 pin to digital pin 2
 * LCD R/W pin to ground
 * 10K resistor:
 * ends to +5V and ground
 * wiper to LCD VO pin (pin 3)

 Library originally added 18 Apr 2008
 by David A. Mellis
 library modified 5 Jul 2009
 by Limor Fried (http://www.ladyada.net)
 example added 9 Jul 2009
 by Tom Igoe
 modified 22 Nov 2010
 by Tom Igoe

 This example code is in the public domain.

 http://www.arduino.cc/en/Tutorial/LiquidCrystalDisplay

 */


// include the library code:
#include <LiquidCrystal.h>

// initialize the library with the numbers of the interface pins
LiquidCrystal lcd(12, 11, 5, 4, 3, 2);

void setup() {
  // set up the LCD's number of columns and rows:
  lcd.begin(16, 2);
  // Print a message to the LCD.
  lcd.print("hello, world!");
}

void loop() {
  // Turn off the display:
  lcd.noDisplay();
  delay(500);
  // Turn on the display:
  lcd.display();
  delay(500);
}

"Hello World!"

La biblioteca LiquidCrystal le permite controlar las pantallas LCD que son compatibles con el controlador Hitachi HD44780. Hay muchos de ellos por ahí, y por lo general se les puede decir por la interfaz de 16 pines.

Este ejemplo imprime bosquejo "Hello World!" al LCD y muestra el tiempo en segundos desde el Arduino se ha restablecido.




Las pantallas LCD tienen una interfaz paralela, lo que significa que el microcontrolador tiene que manipular varios pines de interfaz a la vez para controlar la visualización. La interfaz se compone de los siguientes pines:

Un selecto (RS) pin registro que controla el lugar de la memoria de la pantalla LCD que está escribiendo datos. Puede seleccionar el registro de datos, que contiene lo que sucede en la pantalla, o un registro de instrucción, que es donde el controlador de la pantalla LCD se ve para obtener instrucciones sobre qué hacer a continuación.

Una lectura / escritura (R / W) pin que selecciona el modo de lectura o modo de escritura

Un Habilitar pines que permite la escritura a los registros

8 pines de datos (D0 -D7). Los estados de estos pines (alto o bajo) son los bits que se está escribiendo en un registro cuando se escribe, o los valores de los que está leyendo cuando se lee.

También hay un pasador de pantalla constrast (Vo), los pines de alimentación (+ 5V y GND) y la luz de fondo LED (BKLT + y BKlt-) pasadores que se pueden utilizar para alimentar el LCD, controlar el contraste de la pantalla, y encender y apagar el LED luz de fondo, respectivamente.

El proceso de control de la pantalla consiste en colocar los datos que forman la imagen de lo que desea mostrar en los registros de datos, a continuación, poner las instrucciones en el registro de instrucción.

Code

/*
  LiquidCrystal Library - Hello World

 Demonstrates the use a 16x2 LCD display.  The LiquidCrystal
 library works with all LCD displays that are compatible with the
 Hitachi HD44780 driver. There are many of them out there, and you
 can usually tell them by the 16-pin interface.

 This sketch prints "Hello World!" to the LCD
 and shows the time.

  The circuit:
 * LCD RS pin to digital pin 12
 * LCD Enable pin to digital pin 11
 * LCD D4 pin to digital pin 5
 * LCD D5 pin to digital pin 4
 * LCD D6 pin to digital pin 3
 * LCD D7 pin to digital pin 2
 * LCD R/W pin to ground
 * LCD VSS pin to ground
 * LCD VCC pin to 5V
 * 10K resistor:
 * ends to +5V and ground
 * wiper to LCD VO pin (pin 3)

 Library originally added 18 Apr 2008
 by David A. Mellis
 library modified 5 Jul 2009
 by Limor Fried (http://www.ladyada.net)
 example added 9 Jul 2009
 by Tom Igoe
 modified 22 Nov 2010
 by Tom Igoe

 This example code is in the public domain.

 http://www.arduino.cc/en/Tutorial/LiquidCrystal
 */


// include the library code:
#include <LiquidCrystal.h>

// initialize the library with the numbers of the interface pins
LiquidCrystal lcd(12, 11, 5, 4, 3, 2);

void setup() {
  // set up the LCD's number of columns and rows:
  lcd.begin(16, 2);
  // Print a message to the LCD.
  lcd.print("hello, world!");
}

void loop() {
  // set the cursor to column 0, line 1
  // (note: line 1 is the second row, since counting begins with 0):
  lcd.setCursor(0, 1);
  // print the number of seconds since reset:
  lcd.print(millis() / 1000);
}


scrollDisplayLeft() and scrollDisplayRight() methods

Code

/*
  LiquidCrystal Library - scrollDisplayLeft() and scrollDisplayRight()

 Demonstrates the use a 16x2 LCD display.  The LiquidCrystal
 library works with all LCD displays that are compatible with the
 Hitachi HD44780 driver. There are many of them out there, and you
 can usually tell them by the 16-pin interface.

 This sketch prints "Hello World!" to the LCD and uses the
 scrollDisplayLeft() and scrollDisplayRight() methods to scroll
 the text.

  The circuit:
 * LCD RS pin to digital pin 12
 * LCD Enable pin to digital pin 11
 * LCD D4 pin to digital pin 5
 * LCD D5 pin to digital pin 4
 * LCD D6 pin to digital pin 3
 * LCD D7 pin to digital pin 2
 * LCD R/W pin to ground
 * 10K resistor:
 * ends to +5V and ground
 * wiper to LCD VO pin (pin 3)

 Library originally added 18 Apr 2008
 by David A. Mellis
 library modified 5 Jul 2009
 by Limor Fried (http://www.ladyada.net)
 example added 9 Jul 2009
 by Tom Igoe
 modified 22 Nov 2010
 by Tom Igoe

 This example code is in the public domain.

 http://www.arduino.cc/en/Tutorial/LiquidCrystalScroll

 */


// include the library code:
#include <LiquidCrystal.h>

// initialize the library with the numbers of the interface pins
LiquidCrystal lcd(12, 11, 5, 4, 3, 2);

void setup() {
  // set up the LCD's number of columns and rows:
  lcd.begin(16, 2);
  // Print a message to the LCD.
  lcd.print("hello, world!");
  delay(1000);
}

void loop() {
  // scroll 13 positions (string length) to the left
  // to move it offscreen left:
  for (int positionCounter = 0; positionCounter < 13; positionCounter++) {
    // scroll one position left:
    lcd.scrollDisplayLeft();
    // wait a bit:
    delay(150);
  }

  // scroll 29 positions (string length + display length) to the right
  // to move it offscreen right:
  for (int positionCounter = 0; positionCounter < 29; positionCounter++) {
    // scroll one position right:
    lcd.scrollDisplayRight();
    // wait a bit:
    delay(150);
  }

  // scroll 16 positions (display length + string length) to the left
  // to move it back to center:
  for (int positionCounter = 0; positionCounter < 16; positionCounter++) {
    // scroll one position left:
    lcd.scrollDisplayLeft();
    // wait a bit:
    delay(150);
  }

  // delay at the end of the full loop:
  delay(1000);

}

Serial Input

Código

Es necesario conectar la placa al ordenador y utilizar el monitor serie Arduino Software (IDE) para comunicarse con él.

/*
  LiquidCrystal Library - Serial Input

 Demonstrates the use a 16x2 LCD display.  The LiquidCrystal
 library works with all LCD displays that are compatible with the
 Hitachi HD44780 driver. There are many of them out there, and you
 can usually tell them by the 16-pin interface.

 This sketch displays text sent over the serial port
 (e.g. from the Serial Monitor) on an attached LCD.

 The circuit:
 * LCD RS pin to digital pin 12
 * LCD Enable pin to digital pin 11
 * LCD D4 pin to digital pin 5
 * LCD D5 pin to digital pin 4
 * LCD D6 pin to digital pin 3
 * LCD D7 pin to digital pin 2
 * LCD R/W pin to ground
 * 10K resistor:
 * ends to +5V and ground
 * wiper to LCD VO pin (pin 3)

 Library originally added 18 Apr 2008
 by David A. Mellis
 library modified 5 Jul 2009
 by Limor Fried (http://www.ladyada.net)
 example added 9 Jul 2009
 by Tom Igoe
 modified 22 Nov 2010
 by Tom Igoe

 This example code is in the public domain.

 http://www.arduino.cc/en/Tutorial/LiquidCrystalSerial
 */


// include the library code:
#include <LiquidCrystal.h>

// initialize the library with the numbers of the interface pins
LiquidCrystal lcd(12, 11, 5, 4, 3, 2);

void setup() {
  // set up the LCD's number of columns and rows:
  lcd.begin(16, 2);
  // initialize the serial communications:
  Serial.begin(9600);
}

void loop() {
  // when characters arrive over the serial port...
  if (Serial.available()) {
    // wait a bit for the entire message to arrive
    delay(100);
    // clear the screen
    lcd.clear();
    // read all the available characters
    while (Serial.available() > 0) {
      // display each character to the LCD
      lcd.write(Serial.read());
    }
  }
}

setCursor() method


La Biblioteca de cristal líquido le permite controlar las pantallas LCD que son compatibles con el controlador Hitachi HD44780. Hay muchos de ellos por ahí, y por lo general se les puede decir por la interfaz de 16 pines.

Este bosquejo ejemplo muestra cómo utilizar el método setCursor () para cambiar la posición del cursor. Para mover el cursor, simplemente llame setCursor () con una posición de fila y columna. Por ejemplo, para una pantalla 2x16:

lcd.setCursor (0, 0); // arriba a la izquierda
lcd.setCursor (15, 0); // parte superior derecha
lcd.setCursor (0, 1); // Parte inferior izquierda
lcd.setCursor (15, 1); // abajo a la derecha

Code

/*
  LiquidCrystal Library - setCursor

 Demonstrates the use a 16x2 LCD display.  The LiquidCrystal
 library works with all LCD displays that are compatible with the
 Hitachi HD44780 driver. There are many of them out there, and you
 can usually tell them by the 16-pin interface.

 This sketch prints to all the positions of the LCD using the
 setCursor() method:

  The circuit:
 * LCD RS pin to digital pin 12
 * LCD Enable pin to digital pin 11
 * LCD D4 pin to digital pin 5
 * LCD D5 pin to digital pin 4
 * LCD D6 pin to digital pin 3
 * LCD D7 pin to digital pin 2
 * LCD R/W pin to ground
 * 10K resistor:
 * ends to +5V and ground
 * wiper to LCD VO pin (pin 3)

 Library originally added 18 Apr 2008
 by David A. Mellis
 library modified 5 Jul 2009
 by Limor Fried (http://www.ladyada.net)
 example added 9 Jul 2009
 by Tom Igoe
 modified 22 Nov 2010
 by Tom Igoe

 This example code is in the public domain.

 http://www.arduino.cc/en/Tutorial/LiquidCrystalSetCursor

 */


// include the library code:
#include <LiquidCrystal.h>

// these constants won't change.  But you can change the size of
// your LCD using them:
const int numRows = 2;
const int numCols = 16;

// initialize the library with the numbers of the interface pins
LiquidCrystal lcd(12, 11, 5, 4, 3, 2);

void setup() {
  // set up the LCD's number of columns and rows:
  lcd.begin(numCols, numRows);
}

void loop() {
  // loop from ASCII 'a' to ASCII 'z':
  for (int thisLetter = 'a'; thisLetter <= 'z'; thisLetter++) {
    // loop over the columns:
    for (int  thisRow = 0; thisRow < numRows; thisRow++) {
      // loop over the rows:
      for (int thisCol = 0; thisCol < numCols; thisCol++) {
        // set the cursor position:
        lcd.setCursor(thisCol, thisRow);
        // print the letter:
        lcd.write(thisLetter);
        delay(200);
      }
    }
  }
}

Text Direction methods leftToRight() and rightToLeft()

Code

/*
LiquidCrystal Library - TextDirection

Demonstrates the use a 16x2 LCD display.  The LiquidCrystal
library works with all LCD displays that are compatible with the
Hitachi HD44780 driver. There are many of them out there, and you
can usually tell them by the 16-pin interface.

This sketch demonstrates how to use leftToRight() and rightToLeft()
to move the cursor.

The circuit:
* LCD RS pin to digital pin 12
* LCD Enable pin to digital pin 11
* LCD D4 pin to digital pin 5
* LCD D5 pin to digital pin 4
* LCD D6 pin to digital pin 3
* LCD D7 pin to digital pin 2
* LCD R/W pin to ground
* 10K resistor:
* ends to +5V and ground
* wiper to LCD VO pin (pin 3)

Library originally added 18 Apr 2008
by David A. Mellis
library modified 5 Jul 2009
by Limor Fried (http://www.ladyada.net)
example added 9 Jul 2009
by Tom Igoe
modified 22 Nov 2010
by Tom Igoe

This example code is in the public domain.

http://www.arduino.cc/en/Tutorial/LiquidCrystalTextDirection

*/


// include the library code:
#include <LiquidCrystal.h>

// initialize the library with the numbers of the interface pins
LiquidCrystal lcd(12, 11, 5, 4, 3, 2);

int thisChar = 'a';

void setup() {
  // set up the LCD's number of columns and rows:
  lcd.begin(16, 2);
  // turn on the cursor:
  lcd.cursor();
}

void loop() {
  // reverse directions at 'm':
  if (thisChar == 'm') {
    // go right for the next letter
    lcd.rightToLeft();
  }
  // reverse again at 's':
  if (thisChar == 's') {
    // go left for the next letter
    lcd.leftToRight();
  }
  // reset at 'z':
  if (thisChar > 'z') {
    // go to (0,0):
    lcd.home();
    // start again at 0
    thisChar = 'a';
  }
  // print the character
  lcd.write(thisChar);
  // wait a second:
  delay(1000);
  // increment the letter:
  thisChar++;
}


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ELECTRONICA
 –>ENTRA AQUI PARA VER


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